PHOTOGRAPH BY  RICARDO FUNARI . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.  A mother and her one-year old baby with skin ulcers wait for medical care in a public hospital in the rural area of Palmares city in Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil.  In the 1970s, Brazil had a segregated health system: the rich and salaried workers had access to private hospitals in urban settings, whereas limited public services existed for the poor and unemployed.   Now, health is a constitutional right in Brazil. The country established a unified health system for all citizens in 1988, with the principles of universalism, equity, integration, and democracy.   But promising health for  all  is not the same as achieving it. While health outcomes have improved across the population since the unified health system was adopted, persistent corruption and inequity mean that the the poorest communities still face tremendous barriers to accessing the same quality health services as the rich.   
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