PHOTOGRAPH BY  SIM CHI YIN/VII . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.  After collapsing twice in one day, Chinese gold miner He Quangui is struggling to breathe, gripping the bed and his son He Jinbo's thigh while his wife Mi Shixiu holds him, crying. He eventually recovers his breath. But in the early hours of the next morning, he attempted suicide to end the suffering.  For 10 years, Mr. He battled silicosis: a irreversible but preventable disease he contracted from years of working in small, unregulated gold mines in the Henan province of central China. This illness is a type of pneumoconiosis (or "black lung" disease), which is China's most prevalent occupational disease, afflicting millions. Silica dust sucked into the lungs during years of blasting rock causes the miner's lungs to harden and eventually fail.  Workers who have access to good health care and are able to remove themselves from the harmful environment—particularly those who worked for state mines—can live a normal lifespan. But most of the growing number of victims in China today are migrant workers like Mr. He, with no insurance, no good health care and no legal recourse. They often live in the most remote parts of inland China where medical facilities are far away.  To get to the nearest reasonably-equipped hospital, Mr. He had to travel approximately four hours by van. Otherwise, all he could do was wait in his farmhouse for the minimally-trained staff member from the small local clinic who had access to only basic medicines.   Mr. He died 1 August 2015.  
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